Food and Nutrition Security Analysis

Land, Agriculture and Food Sciences

Course Overview

The purpose of Food and Nutrition Security assessment(FNSA) is to assess the impact of shock on the food security of households and communities within the affected area. An emergency is a situation that causes widespread human, material, economic or environmental damage, threatening human lives and livelihoods and exceeding the coping capacities of the affected communities and/or government. An FNSA may be undertaken in response to a rapid- or a slow-onset emergency. In either case, food and nutrition security is analysed to determine the nature of the risks faced by individuals and households.

Course Objectives

  • description of the current food and nutrition security situation;
  • analysis of the ways in which the affected population, the government and other stakeholders are responding to the emergency;
  • forecast of the future evolution of food and nutrition security;
  • identification of response options, and recommendations for intervention or non-intervention

Course Outline

Conceptual Framework, objectives and types of EFSAs

  • Introduction
  • Key questions that an EFSA should answer
  • Conceptual Framework of an EFSA
  • Livelihoods
  • Food security
  • Nutrition security
  • The Food and Nutrition Security Conceptual Framework
  • Local adaptation of the Conceptual Framework
  • Objectives of an EFSA
  • Types of EFSA and partnerships
  • Types of EFSA
  • Partnerships and inter-agency assessments

Data, indicators and sources of information

  • The analysis plan
  • Information needs
  • Contextual information
  • Indicators and data
  • Definitions
  • The three key sets of indicators used in an EFSA
  • Proxy indicators
  • Linking indicators to EFSA objectives
  • Interpretation of indicators using thresholds
  • Cross-tabulation and comparison of indicators
  • Prioritization of indicators
  • Data sources
  • Choice of data and indicators
  • Mortality indicators
  • Nutrition status indicators
  • Food security status indicators

Planning and implementing an EFSA

  • Planning an EFSA
  • Trigger mechanisms for an EFSA
  • Objectives and terms of reference
  • Budget
  • Analysis plan and information requirements
  • Collation and review of secondary data and reference material
  • Methodology for primary data collection
  • Sampling
  • Human resources
  • Administration and logistics
  • Communications, security and emergency procedures
  • Briefing
  • Assessment schedule
  • Fieldwork
  • Daily preparation
  • Discussion with community leaders
  • Collection of primary data
  • Team meetings
  • Final community meeting
  • Daily analysis
  • Primary data collection
  • The importance of gathering good quality primary data
  • Approaches to primary data collection
  • Undertaking primary data collection
  • Participatory tools for primary data collection

Analysing EFSA data

  • Essential concepts and methods
  • Vulnerable groups, including livelihood groups
  • Triangulation and convergence of evidence
  • Conducting a situation analysis
  • Synthesize contextual information
  • Estimate the numbers of food-insecure and malnourished
  • Determine the characteristics of the food-insecure and malnourished
  • Identify the reasons for food insecurity and malnutrition and for risks to livelihoods
  • Determine the nature of food insecurity and malnutrition (chronic or transitory)
  • Estimate the severity of food insecurity and malnutrition
  • Conducting a forecast analysis
  • Identification of future opportunities and shocks
  • Developing scenarios
  • Identification of population groups affected under the most likely scenario
  • Estimation of the impact of shocks and opportunities on livelihoods
  • Estimation of the numbers of people who will be affected by shocks and opportunities
  • Conducting a response analysis
  • Factors related to risks to lives and livelihoods
  • Entry points for interventions
  • Other stakeholders’ interventions, and remaining gaps
  • Response options
  • Formulating recommendations for interventions and follow-up

Reporting EFSA result

  • Report structure
  • Report quality monitoring
  • Communicating the results of the EFSA 
  • Users of the EFSA report and communication channels
  • EFSA executive brief
  • Presentation workshop or meeting
  • Dissemination by e-mail and hard copy
  • The news media
  • Websites and newsletters
  • Advocacy for non-food recommendations
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