Single Course

Food and Nutrition Security Analysis

Land, Agriculture and Food Sciences

Course Summary:

The purpose of Food and Nutrition Security assessment(FNSA) is to assess the impact of shock on the food security of households and communities within the affected area. An emergency is a situation that causes widespread human, material, economic or environmental damage, threatening human lives and livelihoods and exceeding the coping capacities of the affected communities and/or government. An FNSA may be undertaken in response to a rapid- or a slow-onset emergency. In either case, food and nutrition security is analysed to determine the nature of the risks faced by individuals and households.

Course Objectives:

  • description of the current food and nutrition security situation;
  • analysis of the ways in which the affected population, the government and other stakeholders are responding to the emergency;
  • forecast of the future evolution of food and nutrition security;
  • identification of response options, and recommendations for intervention or non-intervention

Course Outline

Conceptual Framework, objectives and types of EFSAs

  • Introduction
  • Key questions that an EFSA should answer
  • Conceptual Framework of an EFSA
  • Livelihoods
  • Food security
  • Nutrition security
  • The Food and Nutrition Security Conceptual Framework
  • Local adaptation of the Conceptual Framework
  • Objectives of an EFSA
  • Types of EFSA and partnerships
  • Types of EFSA
  • Partnerships and inter-agency assessments

Data, indicators and sources of information

  • The analysis plan
  • Information needs
  • Contextual information
  • Indicators and data
  • Definitions
  • The three key sets of indicators used in an EFSA
  • Proxy indicators
  • Linking indicators to EFSA objectives
  • Interpretation of indicators using thresholds
  • Cross-tabulation and comparison of indicators
  • Prioritization of indicators
  • Data sources
  • Choice of data and indicators
  • Mortality indicators
  • Nutrition status indicators
  • Food security status indicators

Planning and implementing an EFSA

  • Planning an EFSA
  • Trigger mechanisms for an EFSA
  • Objectives and terms of reference
  • Budget
  • Analysis plan and information requirements
  • Collation and review of secondary data and reference material
  • Methodology for primary data collection
  • Sampling
  • Human resources
  • Administration and logistics
  • Communications, security and emergency procedures
  • Briefing
  • Assessment schedule
  • Fieldwork
  • Daily preparation
  • Discussion with community leaders
  • Collection of primary data
  • Team meetings
  • Final community meeting
  • Daily analysis
  • Primary data collection
  • The importance of gathering good quality primary data
  • Approaches to primary data collection
  • Undertaking primary data collection
  • Participatory tools for primary data collection

Analysing EFSA data

  • Essential concepts and methods
  • Vulnerable groups, including livelihood groups
  • Triangulation and convergence of evidence
  • Conducting a situation analysis
  • Synthesize contextual information
  • Estimate the numbers of food-insecure and malnourished
  • Determine the characteristics of the food-insecure and malnourished
  • Identify the reasons for food insecurity and malnutrition and for risks to livelihoods
  • Determine the nature of food insecurity and malnutrition (chronic or transitory)
  • Estimate the severity of food insecurity and malnutrition
  • Conducting a forecast analysis
  • Identification of future opportunities and shocks
  • Developing scenarios
  • Identification of population groups affected under the most likely scenario
  • Estimation of the impact of shocks and opportunities on livelihoods
  • Estimation of the numbers of people who will be affected by shocks and opportunities
  • Conducting a response analysis
  • Factors related to risks to lives and livelihoods
  • Entry points for interventions
  • Other stakeholders’ interventions, and remaining gaps
  • Response options
  • Formulating recommendations for interventions and follow-up

Reporting EFSA result

  • Report structure
  • Report quality monitoring
  • Communicating the results of the EFSA 
  • Users of the EFSA report and communication channels
  • EFSA executive brief
  • Presentation workshop or meeting
  • Dissemination by e-mail and hard copy
  • The news media
  • Websites and newsletters
  • Advocacy for non-food recommendations